When it comes to product photography, some companies will choose to do their product shots in-house or outsource the work to their agency of record, even if that agency does not contain a photography studio. Both are cost-effective options in most cases when working with a start-up or when shooting a small set of products.
If there are only a few items to shoot, this can be accomplished outside of a photo studio with as little as a DSLR (digital single-lens reflex) camera and a light box. Sometimes, with the right camera and the right lighting, even up to 50 products can be shot well this way. But how do you scale a photo shoot when the product line has over 500 items? And what if each of those 500 items requires multiple views? The amount of shots needed can grow exponentially at a rapid rate, making it increasingly complicated and risky to take on in-house.